〜とか、〜だけ、〜ばかりでなくand 〜かけ/かける

My Anki deck says I have more than a 1000 words that still need to be learnt and several more to review. And that’s just the N3 Vocabulary deck. I haven’t even begun the N4 one. Deep breaths.

I’m taking it slowly though. Occasionally, I go over to Kanji Damage to help me learn new kanji. For the new words that I learn from the deck, I use Kanji Damage’s list of Kanji to break down the word into constituent kanji, and then further into radicals. This helps me build up a visual in my head which makes it easier for the word to stick in my memory.

Today was such a day. The following list of words are part of the N3 vocabulary.

けい Plan, total
計算 けいさん To calculate
経営 けいえい Management
経由 けいゆ Via
結果 けっか Result
結局 けっきょく After all, eventually
結論 けつろん Conclusion
傾向 けいこう Trend
景気 けいき Condition, state
敬意 けいい Honour, respect
警告 けいこく Warning
警察 けいさつ Police
観察 かんさつ Observation
歓迎 かんげい Welcome
観客 かんきゃく Audience
刑事 けいじ Detective, criminal case
掲示 けいじ Notice, Bulletin
芸術 げいじゅつ Fine Arts
げき Play
劇場 げきじょう Theatre
化粧 けしょう Make up
けん Ticket, certificate
欠陥 けっかん Defect
欠席 けっせき Absence
欠点 けってん Defect, weakness
決心 けっしん Determination
決定 けってい Determination, decision

Today I studied how to use 〜とか、〜だけ、〜ばかりでなくand 〜かけ/かける

1) 〜とか

Aside from listing things, it is also used to say, “It seems/ I heard something like….”

Verb (plain)/ Adj + とか

N+ だ+ とか

Note: It can also end a sentence this way. 九州地方は今年は雨が少ないとか。水不足は心配だ。

2) 〜だけ

It can be used to give a limit or an extent to something eg: 好きなだけ means ‘as much as you like’.

3) 〜ばかりでなく

This means ‘not only this…but also that’

4) 〜かけ/かける

This is used when one is in the middle of doing something

Eg: 読みかけの本

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